When left untreated, periodontal (gum) disease can inevitably lead to tooth loss. The term “periodontal” means “around the tooth.” Therefore, periodontal disease affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth.
The infection starts when the gums become inflamed due to bacteria in plaque, a sticky, colorless film that forms on your teeth. While this is often the main cause of periodontal disease, other factors can also be attributed to affecting the health of the gums and bone, including:
- Smoking or Tobacco Use
- Poor Nutrition
Periodontal disease comes in many forms. Gingivitis is perhaps the mildest form of gum disease. While the gums become red, swollen and bleed easily, there is very little to no discomfort associated at this stage of the disease. Through a good oral hygiene regimen and treatment from your dentist, the results of gingivitis can be reversed.
Periodontitis is another form of periodontal disease and can be aggressive or chronic. Aggressive periodontitis displays rapid bone destruction and attachment loss in clinically healthy patients. Chronic periodontitis is one of the most common forms of periodontal disease and is frequently seen in adults. The stages progress slowly and can be recognized by gum recession and pocket formation.
Treatment and Prevention
In certain cases, periodontal surgery may be recommended to treat periodontal disease when non-surgical treatment is ineffective. We may advise procedures such as pocket reduction, soft tissue grafts or bone regeneration to treat periodontal disease. If a tooth has been lost due to periodontal disease, dental implants are always an option for permanent tooth replacement.
Good oral hygiene and regular visits with your dentist and periodontist can prevent periodontal disease. Daily brushing and flossing can keep plaque to a minimum and, in conjunction with professional cleanings 2-4 times a year, can keep your teeth healthy for life.
Perioscopy is an advanced minimally-invasive procedure used in treating advanced periodontal (gum) disease. This technology features a small dental endoscope with microscopic video that has up to 48 times magnification, enabling Dr. Gordon to view and treat teeth and tissue below the gum line.
During the procedure, a miniature camera is attached to the endoscope and placed below the gum line. The video from the camera is displayed on a computer or video screen near the treatment chair for you and Dr. Gordon to view. Because the camera can show up to 48 times magnification, the smallest details under the gum line can be seen. Dr. Gordon is then able to thoroughly clean the whole pocket, which helps prevent further damage and tooth loss.
Perioscopy is recommended for patients who have one or more deep pockets that are more than 5mm deep. It is an effective way to treat advanced periodontitis without gum surgery.
Benefits of Perioscopy
- Non-surgical procedure
- No sutures!
- Very little discomfort during and after procedure
- Ability to detect deposits that can cause inflammation and bleeding
- Ability to detect periodontal conditions in early stages
- Enhances periodontal maintenance therapy
- Helps preserve the patient’s natural teeth
- Usually costs less than gum surgery
If you think you might be a candidate for Perioscopy, please contact us today to schedule a consultation.